We are living in an era where no constant exists and things and people seem to be moving and changing on daily bases. The great migration of nations is happening all over again and people constantly move from one to another place causing drastic shifts of population throughout the planet. Technological and transportation advancements facilitate these changes and promote migration worldwide. Designed to make our lives easier, these technological advancements seem to be helping us only to move around in search of a better, safer and more secure life that they, by on their own, do not manage to provide us with.
Filled with enthusiasm and hope for a better life, migrants aim at moving to western developed countries including Australia. However, the reality is that the conditions promised and the real conditions in these countries differ to a great extent. Emigration is becoming one of the most delicate topics of our time. Throughout the world, emigrants are facing terrible circumstances on their way to the “promised land.” Choosing to leave their homelands, stricken by economic or war crisis, migrant readily accept huge risks, more often than not involving dangerous trips on land and sea to insure their future.
According to the Mind and Mood report from Ipsos Mackay, Australian migrants who have positive attitude towards a better future generally include people from China, India, Vietnam and Somalia. However, students who go to Australia for better education complain that they have to pay much higher education fees, even tenfold higher, than the locals do and have no right to work more than 20 hours a week. And even if they manage to finish their education, they are not given the same work opportunities as the Aussies are. By holding on to this attitude, Australia risks damaging its reputation for openness and fairness in the area of education. Australia never had to worry about the loyalties of the Poms, the Greeks, the Italians, or the Vietnamese because their homelands stalled while Australia blossomed. There were always more relatives who wanted to join Australia than were going the other way.
The percentage of immigrant population in Australia, according to the list of countries compiled by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), is 27 percent, ranking second in the world. This is double the statistics of the United States’. Statistics on composition of immigrants also varies significantly between these two countries. “More than half of Australia’s foreign-born population comes from an English – speaking country”, immigrants from the United Kingdom and New Zealand being the most numerous. On the other hand, sheer five percent of the immigrant population in the United States originates from English-speaking countries. Even immigrant from South Africa seem to favor Australia, besides the fact that it offers the most exciting mobile online casinos providing the opportunity to play and win large pots in Rands. The best South African online casinos present the great opportunity for thrilling experience.
Australia’s has been less than forthcoming to asylum seeker as well. Australia is obliged to grant asylum to refugees by the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, which Australia signed in 1951. Nevertheless, Australia circumvented this obligation when it sent asylum seekers to detention centers on Christmas Island and to Manus Island. UNHCR is concerned with the Regional Resettlement Arrangement and claimed that Papua New Guinea has a shortage of legal infrastructure and aptitude to handle the demands of processing refugees.
Australia also faces the concerns about the impact of immigration on the labour market. There is the general remark that immigrants take jobs of Australians, immigrants avert wage rise for Australians, employers tend to import skilled immigrants so as to avoid training of Australians and immigrants cause Australia to be less productive. However, other people are under the impression that immigration benefits Australia’s skills base and stimulates economic activity. Many factors on both the demand as well as supply side of the labour market are relevant, and the research evidence cannot confirm all the conflicting public perceptions. A large number of Australian studies have considered the impact of immigration on the unemployment rate and all have found that, overall, immigration does not lead to increases in the unemployment rate, quite the contrary.
Chinese and Indian migrants who migrate to Australia are leaving nations that are rising. The word they send back home – even if they settle in Australia – affects Australian standing in the region. Given that migrants are paid less and rarely entrusted with the responsibilities of leading a company or even be represented in parliament, they can easily decide to go back to their native countries or go to a country where they would get better treatment. However, even though Australia seems to be pluralist in its immigration policies, its legislation is primarily open towards residents of the English-speaking countries, which is testified by its policy of preferring language skills than family relations in the country. Australia’s future as the world’s best immigration nation can be ensured only by more, not fewer, Chinese and Indians to want to live across the country to prove it.